Brown, Henry Yorke Lyell (AA 41)

Henry Yorke Lyell Brown-2

Born: 23 August 1843, Sydney Mines, Nova Scotia, Canada
Died: 22 January 1928, Adelaide, South Australia

Henry Yorke Lyell Brown was born on 23 August 1843 at Sydney Mines, Nova Scotia, Canada to Richard Brown and Sibells (nee Barrington). Brown studied under Thomas Henry Huxley (1825-1895) and John Tyndall at the Royal School of Mines, London from 1863 to 1864.  In 1865 he emigrated to Australia and commenced working on the Geological Survey in Victoria from 1865 until 1869. In 1870, Brown worked as the Western Australian Geologist where he discovered Weld Range, and forecasted that mineral resources would be come the colony’s main source of wealth. Two years later, Brown went to Canada but returned to Australia to work for the New South Wales Government for 1881 to 1882. 

As Geologist of South Australia from 1882 to 1909, Brown made many survey trips throughout the colony, and into the Northern Territory often travelling alone or with an ‘Afghan’ or Australian Aboriginal man as guide. The information gathered on these trips is primarily recorded on maps, with his major objective being achieved with the production of a geologial map of the whole colony in 1899. 

In 1911, Brown married Hannah M Thompson of New Zealand. Brown continued to work for the Department of Mines in Adelaide, South Australia until his death 22 January 1928. 

The South Australian Museum contains photographs and negatives. 

Image courtesy of the State Library of South Australia: B7102.