Born: 21 April 1841, Narellan, New South Wales, Australia Died: 1918
Robert Hamilton Mathews was an ethnologist and surveyor. He surveyed large parts of New South Wales for the development of roads and rail lines during 1867 to the 1880s. In 1894, Mathews won the Royal Society Gold Medal for Aboriginal Rock Carvings and Paintings in New South Wales. He also won the Prix Goddard Silver Medal of the Anthropological Society of France. Mathews wrote no fewer than 180 papers. His views on Aboriginal society differed markedly from those of the day.
The South Australian Museum Archives contains a copy of the paper 'The Victorian Aborigines: Their Initiation Ceremonies and Divisional Systems'.
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